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Last updateWed, 11 Oct 2017 11am


Prominent Inventions of TIME

Over the centuries, there have been thousands of inventions which were revolutionary for the human civilization. Inventions have changed the way we live and the way we perceive things.

From providing longevity to life to allowing us to explore the universe, inventions have made man realize his potential of thinking and creativity. Here we present some prominent inventions of time:  

1. Compass

A compass is any magnetically sensitive device capable of indicating the direction of the magnetic north of a planet's magnetosphere. The compass was invented in ancient China around 247 B.C; it was used for navigation by the 11th century. The dry compass was invented in medieval Europe around 1300.

Modern compasses usually use a magnetized needle or dial inside a capsule completely filled with fluid (oil, kerosene, or alcohol is common). While older designs commonly incorporated a flexible diaphragm or airspace inside the capsule to allow for volume changes caused by temperature or altitude, modern liquid compasses utilize smaller housings and/or flexible materials for the capsule itself to accomplish the same result. 

2. Bicycle

The earliest bicycle was a wooden scooter-like contraption called a celerifere; it was invented about 1790 by Comte Mede de Sivrac of France. In 1816, Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun, of Germany, invented a model with a steering bar attached to the front wheel, which he called a Draisienne. It has two wheels (of the same size), and the rider sat between the two wheels, but there were no pedals; to move, you had to propel the bicycle forward using your feet (a bit like a scooter). He exhibited his bicycle in Paris on April 6, 1818.
A French father-and-son team of carriage-makers, Pierre and Ernest Michaux, invented an improved bicycle in the 1860's. Many early bicycles (called velocipedes, meaning "fast foot," or, more descriptively, "bone shakers") had huge front wheels - it was thought that the bigger the wheel, the faster you could go. Early tires were wooden - metal tires were an improvement, and solid rubber tires were added later. A chain with sprockets was added to the bicycle in the 1880's; this was called the "safety bicycle." Air-filled tires were also added in the 1880's. The derailleur gear system was added in the 1970's.

3. Wrist Watch

The wrist watch was invented by Patek Phillipe in late 1800s. He was the first inventor of wrist watch. It is interesting to know that wrist watch was invented for women and first worn by women. The wrist watch for men was invented by Louis Cartier in early 1900s.
Long before the invention of watches or clocks, telling time wasn't the simple glance at the wrist it is today.
To tell time, people relied on hourglasses, water clocks, and shadows cast by the sun.

4. Air Conditioning

Air conditioning, as an idea, has been around since the 1800s when an inventor named Michael Faraday learned that you could cool down the heated air around you if you condensed as well as liquefied certain in-air gases when you allowed the substances to evaporate into the air. It was a very complex idea with tons and tons of study and overall, the concept remained mostly speculative.
If people are able to control the temperature of a room than that makes things a lot simpler on their part, and by the 1928, Carrier would develop the first, in-home air conditioner, which started an entirely new age of household care. Now a day, there are almost no homes without some sort of AC system installed within. Carrier created something for all of man to use during these ever changing weather conditions.

5. Fridge

In cold temperatures, bacterial activity slows dramatically. At freezing point or below, it stops. So keeping food cold can maintain its freshness for days when it might otherwise last only hours. Freezing can preserve it for months or years.
Carl von Linde, German engineer whose invention of a continuous process of liquefying gases in large quantities formed a basis for the modern technology of refrigeration. Refrigeration is chiefly used to store foodstuffs at low temperatures, thus inhibiting the destructive action of bacteria, yeast, and mold.

6. Microwave

The microwave oven did not come about as a result of someone trying to find a better, faster way to cook. During World War II, two scientists invented the magnetron, a tube that produces microwaves. Installing magnetrons in Britain’s radar system, the microwaves were able to spot Nazi warplanes on their way to bomb the British Isles.
By accident, several years later, it was discovered that microwaves also cook food. Called the Radar Range, the first microwave oven to go on the market was roughly as large and heavy as a refrigerator.

The idea of using microwave energy to cook food was accidentally discovered by Percy LeBaron Spencer of the Raytheon Company when he found that radar waves had melted a candy bar in his pocket. Experiments showed that microwave heating could raise the internal temperature of many foods far more rapidly than a conventional oven.

7. Washing Machine

It may seem hard to believe that the first modern style-washing machine existed as far back as 1851, but historians have found that a type of washing machine that used a drum like the ones we use today was created in the late 18th century.
The first washing machine was called as the scrub board and was invented in the year 1797. In 1851, American James King discovered and patented the first washing machine to use a drum. However it was still hand powered and did not work by itself.

Then in 1858, William Blackstone of Indiana built a washing machine for his wife. This washing machine removed and washed away dirt from the clothes. This was the first official washing machine that could be used at home.

8. Escalator

The credit of inventing the first working Escalator goes to Jesse Wilford Reno. He invented it in 1891 and got his patent on March 15, 1892. The Elevator was made in Coney Island, New York City. His invention was referred to as the "inclined elevator." Before him, an another inventor named Nathan Ames patented an escalator machine in March 9, 1859, termed "revolving stairs" but was never built.
Around the same time, moving walks made their debut, most notably in the form of special demonstration exhibitions at the Chicago Exposition of 1893 and the Paris Exposition of 1900.

9. Football

Throughout history, people have played sports which involved using a ball and hands, feet, or sticks. Each area had its own rules. so there was no global definition of any sport.
None of the modern codes of 'football' seem to have diverged formally from the various 'mob-footballs' until the 1800s.

In 1863,at Cambridge University, a group of Englishmen formed the Football Association and invented the modern game of soccer.

10. Sunglasses

The initial purpose of sunglasses was to shield facial expressions instead of sunlight. Since then, sunglasses have been used for everything from blocking harmful rays while in outer space, to enabling the wearer to see through water.
Prior to the 20th century, some medieval and far east references were made of using tinted or shaded glass for viewing purposes, but most credit the widespread commercial use of sunglasses to Sam Foster in the late 1920′s. (TIMExplore.com)